Homeowner’s Guide to Tree and Shrub Care

June 23rd, 2023 0 Comments

Are you a homeowner wanting to spruce up your yard? Trees and shrubs not only enhance the beauty of your home’s landscape, but they are also excellent for providing shade and supporting diverse ecosystems. However, they require maintenance and care to ensure they are healthy and vibrant. As a homeowner, understanding the basics of tree and shrub care can help improve their health and beauty. This guide will provide you with useful tips and information on taking care of your trees and shrubs.

Tree Maintenance

  • Tree and Shrub Needs
  • Proper Planting Techniques
  • Choosing the right plant for your location
  • Watering, Pruning, Fertilizing

Understand the Needs of Your Trees and Shrubs – 

Trees and shrubs come in different types with varying needs. Before planting them, it is essential to understand their specific needs, including the amount of sunlight, water, and nutrients they require. Understanding this information helps you know how to care for them properly.

Proper Planting Techniques  

The planting site is essential for the growth and health of trees and shrubs. Make sure to plant your trees and shrubs in locations that provide adequate space, sunlight, and water. Also, ensure that the soil is fertile and well-drained. Proper planting techniques are crucial to ensure that trees and shrubs establish healthy root systems that can support their growth.


Watering is critical to ensuring the growth and development of trees and shrubs. However, it is essential to water them correctly. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering causes stress, ultimately weakening the tree or shrub. Ideally, it would be best if you watered trees and shrubs deeply to penetrate the entire root system.


Pruning is vital to maintaining the aesthetic value and health of trees and shrubs. Prune trees and shrubs when they are dormant, usually in winter or early spring. Additionally, you should remove dead or diseased branches and cut back any suckers or cross branches.


Fertilizing trees and shrubs provides them with essential nutrients for healthy growth. You can use slow-release fertilizers according to the manufacturer’s instructions. However, be careful not to over-fertilize your trees and shrubs, as it can negatively impact their health.


Tree Diseases and Prevention

Pest Control: Fungicide and insecticide

Pest Control 

Pest control is arguably one of the most important aspects of tree care. If pests get into your tree’s foundations and root systems, it can lead to tree disease and, ultimately, death. Invasive species are especially important to protect against as they can completely alter ecosystems. 



Fungus can cause a multitude of tree health issues, including tree cankers and exposed roots. Not only are these issues unsightly, but they can greatly damage your tree’s health. Unhealthy trees can lead to rot and hazards such as falling on your home or property. It’s best to take care of fungal infestations quickly so that you can prevent any potential damage. 



Insects can cause major disruptions to tree growth and health. Japanese Beetles especially can cause poor tree health because they eat the leaves off trees until the tree is balding, these are invasive species and should always be prevented. 

Native Trees and Shrubs in Massachusetts:

  • American Holly
  • Atlantic White Cedar
  • Black Cherry
  • Black Tupelo
  • Shadbush
  • Eastern Red Cedar

And more!

To ensure the health of your trees and shrubs is to choose varieties that are best suited for the climate and soil conditions of your area. Factors like sunlight, drainage, and temperature can significantly impact the growth and survival of your plants. Consider factors like the size of the plant, its growth rate, and its susceptibility to pests and disease before making a purchase. A reputable garden center or plant nursery can help guide you in selecting the best varieties for your location.

Shrub Maintenance

Much like tree maintenance, shrub maintenance should be done on a cyclical basis. This can consist of watering, occasional pruning, fertilization, and fungi and pest control. 


Taking care of trees and shrubs is an essential part of maintaining a beautiful and healthy landscape. Understanding the specific needs of trees and shrubs, proper planting techniques, watering, pruning, and fertilizing can help improve their health and vitality. As a homeowner, it is vital to consult the professional arborists at B&R Tree Service in case of severe tree or shrub problems and observe proper care guidelines regularly. With regularly maintained trees and shrubs, your yard will look great year-round!

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